A female engineer working to step on the man’s moon told this week how he was told from the control room that there was no place for women.
Things have changed drastically in the last half-century, but not as fast as expected. BBC News spoke to five scientists who worked on different periods and crossed obstacles in their fields.
Professor Jocelyn Bell Burnell
Professor Jocelyn Bell Burnell is famous for discovering magnetic neutrons more than fifty years ago. She has also been a leader in women’s science throughout her life.
Until they protested with their parents in Northern Ireland in the 1990s, they were not allowed to study science like other girls.
Recalling the era, he said, ‘Boys were sent to science labs and girls to the scientific house in the house, because everyone knew that girls would only get married and they needed to know how to prepare beds. To do. ‘
He is currently affiliated with the Astrophysics Department at Oxford University. She belongs to a group of female scientists who helped and guided other women’s science forward.
In the Athena Swan scheme, gender equality is discussed in universities and colleges.
She says that ‘the process began slowly and by the time some aid agencies took notice of the trend, this thinking had a negative impact on people’s minds.’
They say that gender division in science is at the cultural level rather than the mental capacity of women. And in many countries it is even higher. Countries in southern Europe, such as France, Italy and Spain, are far ahead of Northern European countries, Germany and the Netherlands.
She says the interesting thing is that the proportion of women in all these countries is increasing but this is happening in every country in different ways. According to him, the process of development is slow and things are changing slowly.
In her message to women in the field of science, she said, “Don’t be afraid, work hard and yes.”
Dr. Nicola Beer: Leader in Research
Nicholas Beer became interested in science at an early age. In his memory, the demonstration shown by his teacher about the sound waves is still preserved, in which he filled a plate of paper with rice.
She was the first girl in her family to go to university. Prior to leading the research team, he obtained a PhD degree from the University of Bristol, then a PhD from Oxford and a full Bright Scholarship from MIT and Howard.
As a senior head of the Department for Discovery Biology and Pharmacy at the Nordic Research Center Oxford, he is a scientist as well as head of other fields.
He says that “strategic decisions are taken to help improve people’s views and help them in their careers.”
According to Nicola Beer, ‘Women are few in the leadership role and it is the responsibility of women to help each other, as a leader, to educate them and to be generous in opening the way for them.’
“I think we should do it at all levels, whether it be women or young people or those at the other level of our careers,” he says. It is our responsibility to lead the way, rather than what will strengthen our position. ‘
As a female leader, she noted that people are often asked to adopt a uniform approach to women. As if they were confident in a particular situation and reacted in a certain way. ‘
‘I think we need a collective effort to inspire women to be good leaders, rather than just stereotypes.
By this they mean that we must avoid first deciding what we can and cannot do.
She says, ‘I am passionate about women’s development in breaking glass ceilings or glass ceilings and walls. I really think we need to open the closed paths that lie between us and neoliberalism. ‘
Inventor: Gladys Netch
When Gladys was told during a meeting that you did not feel like an engineer, she left home and wondered how the engineer should feel.
She was studying mechanical engineering and she fought against stereotypes. She was one of only eight women among the 80 students in the Mechanical Engineering class in Kenya.
About her first year, she said that many boys thought she would not be able to do it, but she graduated in first class.
She is currently pursuing a PhD in aerospace from Oxford University. She has recently won a Schmidt Fellowship she is going to research space science and technology. She wants to help a new generation of engineers and is inspired by women like Professor Bell Burnell.
‘I like the idea that somebody has to create a new path. Someone has to start walking so that the path for someone else will go. ‘
She says, ‘I hope there will be exams for women who come forward, but they will not have to prove themselves.
Obstacles removed: Dr. Megan Wheeler
How do you cope with the major challenges facing the world? Science has its solutions but they come about when you look at problems from different angles.
This is Dr. Megan’s theory. She is the Executive Director of a Fellow Program. Their mission is to train future scientific leaders. He holds a doctorate in neuroscience from the University of Oxford and a doctorate in clinical psychology from the United States.
“I think there are few scientists who have extensive experience, except those who can overcome these obstacles,” says Dr. Wheeler.
She also says that as a scientist today, women should have the ability to step out of the laboratory and interact.
“It requires a lot of expertise. Skills are needed to connect with people and fundraisers and with policy makers. In addition, scientists from other fields can find solutions to problems you cannot solve alone. ‘
Rising Star: Elena Anno Johanna Portey
Elena is the daughter of a doctor and a physician. They grew up in a Finland family where science was commonplace. Whenever the lightning struck, his father would inform him of his scientific reasons, while his mother would tell him about the human body.
As a kid, he had a passion for work that he saw on the beach from a pharmacy. At school, he did a biology course in which he studied about genetic changes, and this became his future career.
“It was a wonderful experience that you could extract DNA and work in a laboratory, and I thought it was a great department,” she says.
“Science is very important to me, and I always like to understand things,” he says.
Now at Elena Novo Nordisk Research Center I am working on inventions and new methods of treatment.
She says that in Finland everyone was treated at the level of equality in school and this is very important for women’s science representation.
“In order to increase the position of women in science, I think we should start working soon. ‘